Acne occurs when the sebaceous glands that produce the oil result with entrapment of the oil in it. This plugged follicle will allow bacteria to grow creating pimples. If the pore stays open, the top surface of the plug becomes dark causing a blackhead. If it becomes closed then it stays white resulting with a whitehead. This allows the growth of a bacteria called P. acnes resulting with puss leaking out of the follicle causing a pimple. Acne is very common and almost all of us will experience it at a certain time in our life. Three out of four teenagers will experience it to a degree. This could persist throughout life in the people who have more oily skin. This process increases during menstrual periods and can be triggered again during menopause.
Treatment: other treatments can include topical or systemic antibiotics, Retin-AT, exfoliants, and astringents. AccutaneT has also been used successfully however recently being more restricted.
Acne typically will result with lower self-esteem and depression.
Blue light is a new way to treat mild to moderate acne and it is FDA approved and can be covered by health insurance in Detroit, MI. Blue light is an LED light that produces a single wavelength which results in the destruction of the bacteria P. acnes inside the pimples causing resolution of the active and sebaceous cystic acne. Blue light alone can be effective however the results will be greatly enhanced by applying aminolevulunic acid or Levulan® Kerastick®.
If Blue Light is utilized without ALA typically will have to be repeated on twice a week basis for a few weeks. If however utilized with ALA it is recommended to be repeated every two to three weeks and the number of treatments depends on the severity of the condition. Without levulunic acid usually there is no significant redness noticed. However with ALA there will be severe redness that will resolve within a few days. This treatment has revolutionized the treatment for acne and it is considered now the gold standard for acne treatments.